For Authors

Information for Authors

Overview

The Journal of Educational Impact (JEI) is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes only original scholarly works written in English. JEI welcomes research papers, theoretical works, systematic literature reviews, research reports, and book reviews on all aspects of educational policy and management.

All manuscripts submitted to JEI are rigorously evaluated via a double-blind peer review process. The manuscripts should be original, unpublished, and not in consideration for publication elsewhere at the time of submission.

The subject matter of all manuscripts must be within the scope of the journal. Manuscripts that are not suitable for the journal will be rejected even if they are of high scientific quality. JEI publishes three regular issues per year and additional special issues.

Submissions & Instructions

Authors are requested to submit their manuscripts using the journal’s online submission system. Authors must register with the journal prior to submission. The online submission system will guide authors through the submission process. Submission by email is not accepted.

Title Page
The title page should be a Microsoft Word document separate from the main manuscript. The Title Page Template specifies what should be included on the title page. (You can download the template file here.) Please provide all of the required information on the title page. Submissions containing incomplete information will be returned without peer review.

Manuscript Format and Style
All manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with the form and style outlined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA, 7th edition). For an open-access guide to APA 7th edition citation rules, see https://columbiacollege-ca.libguides.com/apa.
Since JEI applies a double-blind peer review process, the manuscript file must not contain any information that reveals the identities of the authors or their institutions.

Length of Manuscript
Recommended manuscript length is 2500 to 8000 words, including references.

Abstract
Include an abstract of 250 words or less.

Keywords
Include 4 to 6 keywords that can be used for indexing purposes.

Text Formatting
Manuscripts must be submitted as Microsoft Word (.doc), OpenOffice, or Rich Text Format (.rtf) and must be single-spaced using 12-point font in Times New Roman. Employ italics rather than underlining (except with URL addresses). All illustrations, figures, and tables should be placed within the text at the appropriate points rather than at the end of the paper.

Citation
The manuscript should be an original work. Authors must appropriately cite the sources of other works, words, ideas, or figures used in the manuscript. Text copied from another source must be appropriately quoted and cited according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition).

Reference List
The list of references should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7thedition). Each reference cited in the text must appear in the reference list, and each entry in the reference list must be cited in the text.

Reference Examples
Please pay attention to punctuation (comma, dot, etc.), italics and spaces.

Books
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication). Title of book in italic(edition if given and is not first edition). Publisher Name.
Example:
Watson, J. (2012). Human caring science: A theory of nursing (2nd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Book chapters
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication). Title of chapter. In Editor’s First Initial. Second Initial if Given. Editor’s Last Name (Ed. or Eds.), Title of book in italic (edition if given and is not first edition, pp. first page number-last page number). Publisher Name
Example:
Rattan, A. (2019). How lay theories (or mindsets) shape the confrontation of prejudice. In R. K. Mallett & M. J. Monteith (Eds.), Confronting prejudice and discrimination: The science of changing minds and behaviors (pp. 121-140). Academic Press.

Journal Articles
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication). Title of article. Name of Journal in italic, Volume Number in italic(Issue Number), first page number-last page number. https://doi number
Example:
Bailey, N. W. (2012). Evolutionary models of extended phenotypes. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 27(3), 561-569. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000126

Blog posts
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year, Month Day). Title of post. Website name in italic. URL.
Example:
Scoville, H. (2019, July 14). What Is Evolution? A Brief Overview of the History and Concepts of Evolution. ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-evolution-1224603

Online documents (reports, etc.):
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year). Title of document in italic. Organization if given. URL.
Example:
Murray, G. (2005). A duty of care to children and young people in Western Australia: Report on the quality assurance and review of unsubstantiated allegations of abuse in care. Western Australia Department of Child Protection. http://www.community.wa.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/851183A4-.pdf

Thesis/Dissertation
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year). Title of thesis – italicised [Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis, Institution]. URL (if any)
Example:
Axford, J. C. (2007). What constitutes success in Pacific Island community conserved areas? [Doctoral dissertation, University of Queensland]. http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:158747

Footnotes
Footnotes should be used sparingly to provide additional information. Do not use them for citation purposes.

Tables and Figures
All tables and figures must be numbered using Arabic numerals and include a caption (title) explaining their contents. They must be placed within the text at the appropriate points. Supply any tables in an editable format (such as Microsoft Word), and not as images.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicting or competing interests that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of the manuscript. All sources of financial support must be disclosed.

Permissions
It is the responsibility of the author to obtain written permission for a figure, illustration, table, or text passage that has been published elsewhere.

Acknowledgments
Acknowledgments (of people, grants, funding, etc.) should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. Authors must obtain permission to include the names of all individuals included in the Acknowledgements section.

Extensive English Editing

It is the responsibility of authors to ensure their submissions adhere to proper English standards. The Article Processing Charge (APC) covers basic English editing by native speakers, but does not encompass extensive revisions. Papers requiring significant editing may be returned, potentially prolonging the publication process. Authors are encouraged to seek review from proficient English-speaking peers or utilize paid language-editing services before submission. We provide English editing services and offer quotes upon request.

General Peer-Review and Editorial Procedure

The papers published by JEI are selected via a rigorous and double-blind peer review process. Submitted manuscripts are first reviewed by the editorial staff, who may decide to reject them or send them to two external peer reviewers. The process is double-blind and review is done after omiting the names, institutions, and place names. Based on the reviewers’ decisions and remarks, the Editor-in-Chief or the Guest Editor of a Special Issue make the final decision.

If revisions are required, authors will be asked to resubmit the revised manuscript within a certain period of time. In the case of major revisions, the revised version of the manuscript will be returned to the reviewers and re-evaluated.

After acceptance for publication, proofs of the paper will be prepared and sent to the corresponding author via the journal’s online system. The corresponding author must revise the proofs and return the corrected proofs to the Editor within one week.

Editorial Decision and Revision

All the articles, reviews and communications published in JEI go through the peer-review process and receive at least two review reports. The in-house editor will discuss each step of the process with the external academic editor and communicate decisions to the authors regarding the following:

  • Accept in Present Form: The paper is accepted without any further changes.
  • Accept after Minor Revisions: The paper is in principle accepted after revision based on the reviewer’s comments. Authors are given seven days for minor revisions.
  • Reconsider after Major Revisions: The acceptance of the manuscript would depend on the revisions. The author needs to provide a point by point response or provide a rebuttal if some of the reviewer’s comments cannot be revised. A maximum of two rounds of major revision per manuscript is normally provided. Authors will be asked to resubmit the revised paper within ten days and the revised version will be returned to the reviewer for further comments. If the required revision time is estimated to be longer than 2 months, we will recommend that authors withdraw their manuscript before resubmitting so as to avoid unnecessary time pressure and to ensure that all manuscripts are sufficiently revised.
  • Reject and Encourage Resubmission: An article where additional experiments are needed to support the conclusions will be rejected and the authors will be encouraged to re-submit the paper once further experiments have been conducted.
  • Reject: The article has serious flaws, makes no original contribution, and the paper is rejected with no offer of resubmission to the journal.

Plagiarism & Data Fabrication

The manuscript should be an original work. Authors must appropriately cite the sources of other works, words, ideas, or figures used in the manuscript. Text copied from another source must be appropriately quoted and cited.

Plagiarism, one of the biggest threats to scholarly publication quality and academic integrity, is forbidden in JEI. Plagiarism may take different forms, such as showing someone else’s work as one’s own, copying or paraphrasing parts of other studies without proper attribution, or using research data collected or produced by others without permission and proper attribution.

All manuscripts submitted to JEI are routinely screened for plagiarism. JEI’s editors use Turnitin to check each manuscript for plagiarism and text duplication. If editors suspect plagiarism during the peer review process, they shall follow the guidelines set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). If plagiarism is confirmed, the manuscript will be rejected.

Practices such as fabricating or manipulating data, manipulating images and other visual objects, and deliberately selecting analysis tools or methods to support a particular conclusion constitute unethical behavior and are strictly forbidden in JEI. Authors must present an accurate account of the work performed, especially regarding data collection, analysis, and interpretation. Underlying data must be represented accurately in the manuscript. The study should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

DATA AVAILABILITY

We encourage authors to make the research data on which their paper is based available either by depositing the data into a public repository or uploading the data and files as supplementary materials with the submission. The Registry of Research Data Repositories is available at www.re3data.org. Authors who have deposited their datasets into a public repository should state this in their Cover Letter. As a data availability statement could reveal the identity of the author(s), we recommend that this information be removed from the anonymized version of the manuscript.

ARTICLE RETRACTION

Published articles in JEI should remain extant and intact. However, under exceptional circumstances involving plagiarism, data fabrication, and redundant publication or involuntary data errors, articles may need to be retracted, removed, or replaced in order to protect the integrity of the literature. The need for a retraction will be determined by the Editor-in-Chief but may be initiated, in cases of flawed data or conclusions, at the request of the author(s).

To retract an article, a notice of retraction will be published. This notice of retraction will:
– include the title and author(s) of the article, the reason for the retraction, and who is retracting the article;
– be published online and be linked to the online version of the article.

Publication Ethics

Research and Publication Ethics Policy

Research and publication ethics policy of the Journal of Educational Impact (JEI) is based on principles and standards developed by the international scientific community, especially as defined in the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

JEI’s research and publication ethics policy was also inspired by guidelines developed by scientific organizations in the domain of educational sciences, especially by the Ethical Guidelines for Educational Research published by the British Educational Research Association (BERA) and Code of Ethics published by American Educational Research Association (AERA). 

The principles and standards, summarized below, will guide the authors on issues such as authorship, plagiarism and redundant publication, disclosure of conflicts of interest, post-publication corrections, article retraction, and guidelines for studies involving the participation of human subjects. Authors are required to strictly comply with these principles and standards. If you don’t find here the answer to a question you have about ethical issues, you can refer to the guidelines given above, or contact us.

 

Authorship

Authorship should be restricted to those who have made significant contributions to the study’s conception, design, execution, or interpretation. All authors must actively participate in the drafting of the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content. Merely providing technical support or general supervision is not sufficient for authorship.

All those who have made significant contributions should be recognized as co-authors. Those who have contributed to the work but do not fulfill the authorship criteria outlined here should be acknowledged in the “Acknowledgements” section. The corresponding author has the responsibility to ensure that all co-authors have given their approval for the final version of the manuscript and have consented to its submission for publication.

As highlighted in  Ethical Guidelines for Educational Research (BERA), “academic status or any other indicator of seniority does not determine first authorship” (p. 34).  In the articles based on a master or doctoral thesis, or any other kind of dissertation, the author of the thesis or dissertation must be the first author.

The definitive list of all authors must be provided when submitting the manuscript. Please ensure that the authorship information on the manuscript (the title page) matches the information you entered in the journal’s submission system. Please note that if there is any inconsistency (for example, in the order of the co-authors), the information on the title page will be taken into account.

Changes in Authorship

Adding and/or removing authors, and/or changes in corresponding author, and/or changes in the order of co-authors are generally not permitted, but in some cases, and with a valid reason, it may be allowed. Please note that changes in authorship are only permissible during the review process. No changes are allowed after the manuscript has been accepted.

To make any modification in authorship, you must seek approval by contacting the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. Your request for changes should be accompanied by a clear and valid reason. 

Originality and Reporting Standards

The manuscript should be an original work. JEI does not allow submission of manuscripts that have already been published or are currently under review by another journal.

Authors must appropriately cite the sources of other works, words, ideas, or figures used in the manuscript. Text copied from another source must be appropriately quoted and cited according to the APA Reference Style (7th ed.).

Authors are required to provide a precise description of the work conducted, especially regarding the collection and analysis of data, as well as its interpretation. The manuscript should accurately represent the underlying data. It is essential to include enough information and references in the study to enable others to reproduce the research. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements is considered unethical and is not tolerated. 

As stated in Code of Ethics (AERA) “in presenting their work, education researchers report their findings fully and do not omit relevant data. They report results whether they support or contradict the expected outcomes.” (153)

Data Availability

We require authors to share the research data used in their paper either by depositing it in a public repository or including it as supplementary materials during submission. The Registry of Research Data Repositories can be accessed at www.re3data.org.

Plagiarism

Plagiarism, one of the biggest threats to scholarly publication quality and academic integrity, is strictly forbidden in JEI. Plagiarism may take different forms, such as showing someone else’s work as one’s own, copying or paraphrasing parts of other studies without proper attribution, or using research data collected or produced by others without permission and proper attribution. All of these different variants of plagiarism which are briefly summarized below, are serious ethical issues and should be avoided.

Direct Plagiarism: This type of plagiarism involves copying the whole, or substantial parts of someone else’s work without any acknowledgment and proper citation. This is one of the most well-known and common forms of plagiarism. Sometimes copying  is not made from a single source, but from many works. Sentences or paragraphs from different texts are barrowed together. The words may be rearranged or slightly modified, but the original works is not properly credited.

Self-Plagiarism (Redundant publication): Self-plagiarism is to use own previously published work, or a substantial portion of it, in a new publication without proper citation. Self-plagiarism is an important ethical issue. Scientific papers must be original publications that have not been previously published. Reusing his previous works without proper attribution is against this principle, and also causes the author to increase the number of published works unfairly.

Paraphrasing Plagiarism: Adequate and well-done paraphrasing alone does not eliminate plagiarism. All used sources must be properly cited.

Plagiarism as inaccurate citation: Citing the source does not always eliminate plagiarism. Particular attention should be paid to the difference between indirect and direct quotations. A direct quote is to take the exact sentences from a work. Indirect quotation, on the other hand, is to paraphrase and express it in own words and sentences. These two types of citations should be referenced in different ways. Taking the sentences from a source exactly or with very minor change, and using them as indirect quotations, is a serious ethical problem even if the source is cited.

Plagiarism isn’t just about quotes from academic studies. It is necessary to make proper attribution to the owner of the work in all kinds of documents and materials used. This issue is sometimes ignored especially regarding online digital contents. As stated in  Ethical Guidelines for Educational Research (BERA), “attribution should include explicitly recognising authors of digital content, in all cases in which an author or creator can be identified. As well as text, this includes images, diagrams, presentations, multimedia content and other forms of content. Researchers need to be aware that a great deal of digital content is subject to copyright, and cannot be freely reused or modified unless it is explicitly licensed as such – for example by means of one of the ‘Creative Commons’ (CC) licences.” (p. 30)

All manuscripts submitted to JEI are routinely screened for plagiarism. JEI’s editors use Turnitin to check each manuscript for plagiarism and text duplication. If editors suspect plagiarism during the peer review process, they shall follow the guidelines set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). If plagiarism is confirmed, the manuscript will be rejected.

Data Fabrication and Image Manipulation

Practices such as falsifying or altering data, manipulating images and visual content, and intentionally biasing the selection of analysis tools or methods to favor a specific conclusion is strictly prohibited in the manuscripts submitted to JEI.

Images used in articles may be subject to some editing in order to increase image quality or readability. However, this should not be in a way that can give false information or be misinterpreted. Altering images in this way is an important ethical issue, and should be avoided.

Post-publication Corrections and Retraction 

Corrections

In principle, the articles published in JEI should remain extant and intact. We take the utmost care to ensure that papers are free of errors. Authors examine article proofs before publication, specifically to ensure the precision and correctness of the content. However, in some cases it may be necessary to make corrections in published papers.

Errors or omissions that need to be corrected may occur in two ways: Spelling, grammatical and similar errors that do not affect the scientific content, and errors affecting scientific validity and integrity.

Errors or omissions regarding spelling, grammar, punctuation or affiliation and contact information can be corrected without publishing a “Correction notice”. These changes may be initiated directly by the Journal Editor or requested by the authors. When a such minor correction is made, the article will be updated, and the updated version will be published on the JEI’s website. In necessary cases, the correction may be indicated as a footnote in the article.

If the errors or omissions in a published article are related to the content, and the correction will affect the understanding and interpretation, or if the correction contains a significant change such as adding an omitted reference, table, or figure, a correction notice will be published. For a such major correction, the author’s request must be based on valid and justified reasons. Requests will be assessed by the Editorial Board, and those that are not deemed necessary and justified may be rejected.

When a published article needs a major correction, an updated version of the article is published on the journal website. A Correction Notice will also be published to inform the readers and the scientific community transparently that a significant correction has been made to the article. The Correction Notice is published separately from the article. In addition, the correction will be indicated as a footnote in the updated article.

Article Retraction

Under some exceptional circumstances, it may be necessary to withdraw a published article from the Journal’s records.  It occurs when an article contains plagiarism, misinformation, data fabrication or falsification, redundant publication, other ethical violations, or involuntary data errors that undermine the validity and reliability of the research findings.

Article retraction will be considered in the following cases as specified in the Retraction Guidelines prepared by Committee on Publication Ethicss:

“They have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of major error (eg, miscalculation or experimental error), or as a result of fabrication (eg, of data) or falsification (eg, image manipulation);
 It constitutes plagiarism;
The findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper attribution to previous sources or disclosure to the editor, permission to republish, or justification (ie, cases of redundant publication);
It contains material or data without authorisation for use;
Copyright has been infringed or there is some other serious legal issue (eg, libel, privacy);
It reports unethical research;
It has been published solely on the basis of a compromised or manipulated peer review process;
The author(s) failed to disclose a major competing interest (a.k.a. conflict of interest) that, in the view of the editor, would have unduly affected interpretations of the work or recommendations by editors and peer reviewers.” (p. 3) 

Retraction may be initiated directly by Journal’s Editors, or it may be requested by the authors, and also by third parties, individuals or organizations, who identify issues with the article.  The Editorial Board will make the final decision on Article retractions. In necessary cases, explanations may be requested from the authors. However, author approval is not required.

To retract an article, a Retraction Notice will be published as a separate document. It will include the title and author(s) of the article, and the reason for the retraction, be published online, and be linked to the online version of the article.

Disclosure of financial sources and conflict of interests

In the Code of Ethics of AERA, it is stated that “education researchers disclose relevant sources of financial support and relevant personal or professional relationships that may have the appearance of or potential for a conflict of interest to an employer or client, to the sponsors of their professional work, and to the public in written and verbal reports. […] Education researchers report sources of financial support in their written papers and note any special relations to any sponsor. In special circumstances, education researchers may withhold the names of specific sponsors if they provide an adequate and full description of the nature and interest of the sponsor”. (p. 148, 153)

When submitting their manuscript to JEI, authors must provide a declaration that discloses any financial or other substantive conflicting or competing interests that could potentially impact the findings or interpretation of the manuscript. Additionally, all sources of financial support should be disclosed. This should be stated in the “title-page”, which must be uploaded on the Journal’s online system during the first submission. Even if there is no conflict of interest to be disclosed, you must specify it. 

Studies involving human subjects

In the studies that data collection is made through intervention or interaction with individuals, researchers must comply with some ethical rules. Research ethics become even more important if the study involves potentially vulnerable groups such as children, persons with disabilities, or members of ethnic minorities. Informed consent, voluntary participation, and confidentiality and anonymity are the issues that need special attention.

Informed Consent of Participants

In scientific research, informed consent refers to the ethical principle that the participation should be voluntarily, with a clear understanding of the study’s purpose, procedures, potential risks, and benefits. Informed consent is a highly important ethical issue that must be strictly observed in studies with human participants.

As highlighted in the Code of Ethics of AERA “education researchers conducting research obtain and document written or oral consent from research participants or their legally authorized representatives (1) when data are collected from research participants through any form of communication, interaction, or intervention; or (2) when behavior of research participants occurs in a private context where an individual can reasonably expect that no observation or reporting is taking place. Education researchers obtain consent in a manner that is understandable and appropriate to research participants.” (p. 151)

The following recommendations should be observed in the studies submitted to JEI:

Researchers should provide participants with clear, understandable and sufficiently comprehensive information about the purpose and scope of the research, how the data will be used, the dissemination of results, and the potential risks and benefits.

Researchers should avoid any behavior that might affect voluntary participation. The participants should be adequately informed by researchers about the study before deciding whether or not to participate.

Informed consent can be obtained in written or oral form. However, if the study involves personally identifiable information such photographs or names, written consent is mandatory. In necessary cases, informed consent obtained from the participants may be requested by the JEI editors.

In studies involving children, the informed consent should be obtained from a parent or a legally authorized guardian. However, this does not mean that children are excluded from the informed consent process. Children should be appropriately informed and their voluntary participation should be ensured.

Researchers should avoid excessive demands and take necessary measures to make participants feel comfortable during research processes.

Participants have the right to withdraw at any stage of the research. Participants should be clearly informed about this.

Researchers should provide participants their contact information in case the participants encounter any issues during the research process.

Researchers should inform the participants about how the research results will be disseminated, and take possible measures to ensure that participants have access to published results.

In the manuscript submitted to the JEI, the authors should provide clear information on how the informed consent of participants was obtained.

Confidentiality and Anonymity of Participants 

Ensuring the confidentiality and anonymity of the participants during the research and publication process is one of the most important aspects of the research ethic. The following recommendations should be observed in the studies submitted to JEI:

Maintaining the anonymity of research participants during the dissemination of findings must be the standard practice. Researchers should not reveal any confidential and personally identifiable information about participants in the manuscripts submitted to JEI unless necessary.

It is the duty of researchers to ensure the participants’ privacy, and provide them with complete information about potential identification risks in published material prior to their involvement.

In the case of using photographs, names or other identifiable information is necessary in the manuscript, researchers must have clearly informed the participants about this, and obtained written consent.

In the articles where personally identifiable information was used with the explicit and written permission of the participants, the participants may request that this information be removed after the article is published. Researchers should provide the necessary information so that the participants can easily contact the JEI’s editors or the researchers in such a case.

Any personally identifiable information about child participants (individuals under the age of 18) should not be revealed in any way. If child participant photos are used in manuscripts submitted to JEI, their faces must be properly blurred to ensure anonymity.

Researchers should take necessary security precautions to keep confidential data collected from participants. If data is stored physically, it must be locked and secure. Necessary measures should be taken to prevent the data stored on electronic devices or online platforms from being hacked and passed into the hands of others.

No matter how many precautions are taken regarding the storage of confidential data, full security cannot be achieved. There is always the possibility that the data stored physically could fall into the hands of others, and that the data stored online can be hacked. Therefore, it is appropriate to keep as little as possible and only necessary personally confidential information about participants.

Studies within the scope of the Declaration of Helsinki

The Declaration of Helsinki, adopted by the World Medical Association (WMA) in 1964 and updated many times (most recently in 2013), is a set of ethical principles and standards on medical research involving human subjects.  According to the Declaration of Helsinki:

 “In medical practice and in medical research, most interventions involve risks and burdens. Medical research involving human subjects may only be conducted if the importance of the objective outweighs the risks and burdens to the research subjects. All medical research involving human subjects must be preceded by careful assessment of predictable risks and burdens to the individuals and groups involved in the research in comparison with foreseeable benefits to them and to other individuals or groups affected by the condition under investigation.”

Articles published in JEI is not based mostly on medical research, and do not fall within the scope of the Declaration of Helsinki. However, some studies may be of a nature that the  Declaration of Helsinki should be considered. Manuscripts submitted to JEI must comply with the Declaration of Helsinki if they include patients, or persons with disabilities, or if they contain practices of a medical nature. In such a case, in addition to the above-mentioned ethical principles, the following must also be observed:

In studies within the scope of the Declaration of Helsinki, an ethical approval must be obtained from an authorized ethics committee before starting the research.

Informed consent from participants must be obtained in written form.

Where necessary, researchers must obtain permission from the legal guardians of the research participants.

In the manuscript submitted to JEI, it should be stated that the research complied with the Declaration of Helsinki. For more information on the Declaration of Helsinki, please see the WMA’s website.

Avoiding Discrimination and Using Inclusive Language

As it is highlighted in Code of Ethics (AERA) “education researchers do not engage in discrimination in their work based on race; ethnicity; culture; national origin; gender; sexual orientation; gender identity; age; religion; language; disability; health conditions; socioeconomic status; marital, domestic, or parental status; or any other applicable basis proscribed by law.” (p. 147)

We recommend the authors who will submit their manuscript to JEI to avoid all kinds of discriminatory attitudes and expressions, and to use an inclusive language. Inclusive language refers to the use of words and phrases that do not marginalize or exclude certain groups of people (regarding race, ethnicity, nationality, sexuality, disability, health status, age, or gender), and avoiding terms that involve prejudices, stigma and stereotypes.

Digital Preservation of Content

For the purposes of record-keeping, JEI retains copies of submitted manuscripts and supporting files. However, for articles that are rejected we will comply with requests from authors to delete files.